MMS Annual Oration

The MMS Annual Oration dates back more than 200 years, when in 1804, Dr. Isaac Rand addressed the topic of "On Phthisis Pulmonalis, and the Use of the Warm Bath." The historic purpose of the oration is to inform physicians of issues such as "the histories of epidemics, tables of births and deaths, diaries of the weather, etc."

While the original theme has expanded considerably through the years, the essence of the oration remains to inform Massachusetts physicians of issues pertinent to current medical practice.

The following is a list of orators and their dissertations from 1804 to the present.

1804
Isaac Rand   
Observations on Phthisis Pulmonalis | PDF (32 pages)

1805
John Warren 
A View of the Mercurial Practice in Febrile Diseases | PDF (195 pages)

1806
Joshua Fisher  
A Medical Discourse on Several Narcotic Vegetable Substances | PDF (16 pages)

1807
Thomas Welsh
On Heat and Cold | PDF (15 pages)

1808
John Brooks  
A Dissertation on Pneumonia | PDF (257 pages)

1809
Aaron Dexter
A Dissertation on the Use of Blisters in Diseases of the Articulations | PDF (16 pages)

1810
Josiah Bartlett  
A Dissertation on the Progress of Medical Science in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts | PDF (32 pages)

1811
Oliver Fiske  
Dissertation on Certain Epidemic Diseases Which Prevailed in the County of Worcester | PDF (22 pages)

1812
Abraham Haskell
A Dissertation on Cynanache Trachealis, or Croup | PDF (57 pages)

1813
Oliver Prescott
A Dissertation on the Natural History and Medicinal Effects of the Secale Cornutum, or Ergot | PDF (17 pages)

1816
Richard Hazeltine  
A Dissertation on Phlegmasia Dolens | PDF (45 pages)

1817
Hector Orr
A Dissertation on the Properties of Animal and Vegetable Life | PDF (47 pages)

1818
James Jackson
Discourse on Fever | PDF (27 pages)

1820
John C. Warren
A Comparative View of the Sensorial and Nervous Systems in Man and Animals | PDF (106 pages)

1821
Nathaniel Bradstreet
A Dissertation on the Proximate Cause of Fever | PDF (59 pages)

1822
John G. Coffin
A Dissertation on Medical Education, and on the Medical Profession | PDF (44 pages)

1823
Henry Halsey Childs  
A Dissertation on the Progress of Medical Science in this State | PDF (16 pages)

1824
Robert Thaxter  
A Dissertation on the Excessive Use of Ardent Spirits | PDF (24 pages)

1826
Joseph Henshaw Flint  
A Dissertation on the Prophylactic Management of Infancy and Early Childhood | PDF (17 pages)

1827
Nathaniel Miller  
A Dissertation on the Manner of Detecting Deep Seated Matter | PDF (15 pages)

1828
George Cheyne Shattuck  
A Dissertation on the Uncertainty of the Healing Art | PDF (16 pages)

1829
William Sweetser
A Dissertation on Intemperance | PDF (94 pages)

1830
Rufus Wyman  
A Discourse on Mental Philosophy as Connected with Mental Disease | PDF (22 pages)

1833
Walter Channing  
Irritable Uterus | PDF (38 pages)

1834
Zadok Howe  
A Discourse on Quackery | PDF (24 pages)

1835
Jacob Bigelow  
Self-Limited Diseases | PDF (28 pages)

1836
Andrew Nichols
On Irritation of the Nerves | PDF (36 pages)

1837
George Hayward
On Some of the Diseases of the Knee-Joint | PDF (28 pages)

1838
Ebenezer Alden
Historical Sketch of the Origin and Progress of the Massachusetts Medical Society | PDF (42 pages)

1839
Enoch Hale Jr.
Remarks on the Pathology of the Typhoid Fever of New England | PDF (75 pages)

1840
A. L. Peirson 
On Fractures | PDF (74 pages)

1841
Edward Reynolds  
The Present Condition, Prospects and Duties of the Medical Profession | PDF (38 pages)

1842
Stephen W. Williams 
A Medical History of the County of Franklin in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts | PDF (48 pages)

1843
Charles W. Wilder 
Wilder Pulmonary Consumption - Its Causes, Symptoms and Treatment | PDF (51 pages)

1844
John Homans
The Character and Qualifications of the Good Physician | PDF (27 pages)

1845
William J. Walker
On the Treatment of Compound and Complicated Fractures | PDF (45 pages)

1846  
John O. Green
The Factory System in its Hygienic Relations | PDF (25 pages)

1847
John Ware
Condition and Prospects of the Medical Profession | PDF (47 pages)

1848
Luther V. Bell
On the Practical Method of Ventilating Buildings | PDF (104 pages)

1849
Edward Jarvis  
The Production of Vital Force | PDF (40 pages)

1850
Andrew Mackie
Medical Education | PDF (38 pages)

1851
David Humphreys Storer 
Medical Jurisprudence | PDF (33 pages)

1852
Henry L. Sabin 
The Duties, Trials and Pleasures of the Medical Profession | PDF (22 pages)

1853
John B. S. Jackson 
Morbid Anatomy | PDF (32 pages)

1854
William Workman 
The Progress of Medical Science | PDF (46 pages)

1855
Augustus A. Gould 
Search Out the Secrets of Nature | PDF (45 pages)

1856
John G. Metcalf 
The Study and Practice of Midwifery | PDF (123 pages)

1857
M.S. Perry 
The Principles and Objects of the Massachusetts Medical Society | PDF (28 pages)

1858
Horatio Adams 
Investigations Upon the Subject of Vaccination | PDF (34 pages)

1859
Timothy Childs   
Rational Medicine: The Past and Present; Its True Relations to Specialists, to the Partisans of Exclusive Systems, and to Empirics | PDF (29 pages)

1860
Oliver Wendell Holmes 
Currents and Counter-Currents in Medical Science | PDF (43 pages)

1861
Henry C. Perkins 
The Physician and Surgeon in War | PDF (27 pages)

1862
Henry I. Bowditch 
Topographical Distribution and Local Origin of Consumption in Massachusetts | PDF (90 pages)

1863
Morrill Wyman
The Reality and Certainty of Medicine | PDF (41 pages)

1864
J. Mason Warren 
Recent Progress in Surgery | PDF (74 pages)

1865
Benjamin E. Cotting  
Disease; - A Part of the Plan of Creation | PDF (28 pages)

1866
George C. Shattuck 
The Medical Profession and Society | PDF (32 pages)

1867
Horace P. Wakefield 
The Duties of the Medical Profession | PDF (36 pages)

1868
Henry Grafton Clark 
Medical Jurisprudence | PDF (24 pages)

1869
Alfred Hitchcock 
Organic and Parallel Relation of Some of the Truths and Errors of Christianity and Medical Science | PDF (32 pages)

1870
William Williamson Wellington 
Modern Medicine: Its Need and Its Tendency | PDF (37 pages)

1871
Henry J. Bigelow
Medical Education in America | PDF (79 pages)

1872
Thomas N. Stone 
Watch and Wait | PDF (20 pages)

1873
Charles E. Buckingham 
The Proper Treatment of Children | PDF (39 pages)

1874
Nathan Allen 
The Medical Problems of the Day | PDF (89 pages)

1875
George H. Lyman
The Interests of the Public and the Medical Profession | PDF (42 pages)

1876
Pierre LeBreton Stickney 
The Country Doctor - His Place in the Profession | PDF (18 pages)

1877
John Richardson Bronson 
A Review of Medicine - Its Work and Its Worth | PDF (36 pages)

1878
Francis Minot 
Hints in Ethics and Hygiene | PDF (28 pages)

1879
George W. Garland 
Many Things Remain to Be Done | PDF (20 pages)

1880
Thomas H. Gage
The Prevention of the Spread of Typhoid Fever | PDF (4 pages)

1881
J. Collins Warren 
Medical Societies: Their Organization and the Nature of Their Work | PDF (66 pages) 

1881
Samuel Abbott Green 
The History of Medicine in Massachusetts: The Centennial Address | PDF (123 pages)

1882
James P. Lynde 
Infantile Mortality: Its Causes and Prevention | PDF (7 pages)

1883
Amos H. Johnson
Nature Guides Best, When Guided | PDF (45 pages)

1884
John Crowell 
The Physician a Popular Educator | PDF (3 pages)

1885
Franklin K. Paddock 
Antiseptic Surgery | PDF (4 pages)

1886
Richard M. Hodges
Undercurrents of Modern Medicine | PDF (6 pages)

1887
George J. Townsend 
The Position of the Massachusetts Medical Society - Its Relations to Medical Progress, to the Community in Which We Practise, and to Its Fellows | PDF (4 pages)

1888
B. Joy Jeffries 
Re-establishment of the Medical Profession | PDF (4 pages)

1889
Henry P. Walcott 
State and Preventive Medicine in Massachusetts | PDF (60 pages)

1890
James C. White 
The Relations of the Massachusetts Medical Society to Medical Education: a Plea for Professional Independence | PDF (11 pages)

1891
James B. Brewster 
James Thacher, M.D., of Plymouth, Mass. | PDF (6 pages)

1892
Frank Winthrop Draper 
The Medical Profession and the Commonwealth | PDF (10 pages)

1893
John T.G. Nichols 
The Misuse of Drugs in Modern Practice | PDF (11 pages)

1894
Reginald H. Fitz 
The Legislative Control of Medical Practice | PDF (23 pages)

1895
Alfred Worcester 
The Physician's Extra-Professional Duties | PDF (6 pages)

1896
Henry P. Bowditch 
The Advancement of Medicine by Research | PDF (10 pages)

1897
Zabdiel Boylston Adams   
An Epoch in Medicine in an Age of Delusion | PDF (10 pages)

1898
W.T. Councilman
The Relation of Pathology to Medicine | PDF (8 pages)

1899
E.H. Bradford 
The Expansion of Medicine | PDF (10 pages)

1900
Arthur T. Cabot 
Realism in Medicine | PDF (34 pages)

1901
George E. Francis 
Medical Prospects | PDF (6 pages) 

1902
Willard S. Everett 
The Present Status of the Practice of Medicine and the Urgent Need of More Stringent Application of Hygiene and Sanitary Laws  | PDF (10 pages)

1903
Herbert L. Burrell 
Surgical Tuberculosis | PDF (16 pages)

1904
Harold C. Ernst 
Some Fermentations in Medical Education | PDF (7 pages)  

1905
Charles A. Drew 
Some Facts and Fancies about Mind and Body | PDF (8 pages)

1906
John L. Hildreth 
The General Practitioner and the Specialist | PDF (5 pages)  

1907
J.F. Alleyne Adams 
The Segregation of Consumptives | PDF (6 pages)  

1908
Thomas F. Harrington
The Sanctity of Medicine | PDF (6 pages) 

1909  
James G. Mumford 
The Blood in Surgery - A Historical and Critical Study | PDF (29 pages)

1910
John C. Munro   
Dyspepsia and Indigestion Viewed from a Surgical Standpoint | PDF (5 pages)

1911
Maurice H. Richardson 
The Present Position and Value of the Exploratory or Operative Diagnosis | PDF (7 pages)

1912
Walter E. Fernald 
The Burden of Feeble-Mindedness | PDF (5 pages)

1913
Homer Gage 
Some Abuses in Surgical Practice | PDF (7 pages)

1914
Horace D. Arnold 
The Education of the Public in Medical Matters | PDF (11 pages)

1915
Everett A. Bates 
Some Perplexities in Modern Medicine | PDF (9 pages)  

1916
David L. Edsall 
Movements in Medicine | PDF (7 pages) 

1917
P.E. Truesdale   
Military Medicine: A Means to Perpetuate Its Teaching in Massachusetts | PDF (10 pages)

1918
Myles Standish 
Socialization of the Practice of Medicine | PDF (10 pages)

1919
Samuel Crowell 
The Reflections of a Physician Who Stayed at Home | PDF (7 pages)

1920
Hugh Cabot 
Compulsory Health Insurance, State Medicine or What? | PDF (7 pages)  

1921
F.W. Anthony 
Some of the Mutual Relations between the Physician and the Commonwealth | PDF (page 10)

1922
Kendall Emerson 
The International Mind in Medicine | PDF (5 pages)  

1923
Roger I. Lee 
The Physical Examination of Apparently Healthy Individuals: Its Importance, Limitations and Opportunities  | PDF (9 pages)

1924
James S. Stone 
The Relations of the Massachusetts Medical Society to the Public | PDF (8 pages)  

1925
David Cheever   
The Physician as Custodian of the Health of the People: But Who Shall Guard the Custodian Himself? | PDF (9 pages)

1926
Charles F. Painter   
Educational Requirements for Twentieth Century Practice | PDF (9 pages)

1927
WM. H. Rose 
Industrial Surgery | PDF (9 pages)

1928
W.B. Cannon 
The Mechanism of Emotional Disturbance of Bodily Functions | PDF (8 pages)

1929
George Cheever Shattuck 
The Interdependence of Tropical Medicine and General Medicine | PDF (7 pages)  

1930
Henry A. Christian 
The Practitioner's Need of an Intelligent Skepticism | PDF (7 pages)  

1931
Harvey Cushing   
One Hundred and Fifty Years — From Tallow-Dip to Television | PDF (10 pages)

1932
Samuel Bayard Woodward 
The Story of Smallpox in Massachusetts | PDF (11 pages)  

1933
Channing Frothingham   
The Trend of Medicine in the Twentieth Century | PDF (10 pages)

1934
Lincoln Davis 
The Objectives of Medical Progress | PDF (8 pages) 

1935
Brace W. Paddock   
Postgraduate Medical Education | PDF (6 pages)

1936
Reginald Fitz 
From Cow-Path to State Road | PDF (11 pages)  

1937
Joseph W. O'Connor 
The Medical Society and Maternal Mortality | PDF (5 pages)  

1938
Allen G. Rice 
The Passing of Surgical Yeomen | PDF (7 pages)  

1939
Elliott P. Joslin 
The Massachusetts Medical Society and Socialized Medicine | PDF (11 pages)

1940
William Jason Mixter   
New England, Neurosurgery and the Neurosurgeon | PDF (5 pages)

1941
A. Warren Stearns 
The Role of the Physician in a Competitive Society | PDF (12 pages)

1942
William B. Castle 
Some Remarks on Therapy for Anemia | PDF (6 pages) 

1943
Edward P. Bagg 
Small Puddles | PDF (4 pages)

1944
Joseph C. Aub 
A Toxic Factor in Experimental Traumatic Shock | PDF (5 pages)  

1946
Frank H. Lahey 
Gastric Surgery | PDF (14 pages)

1947
Leland S. McKittrick 
Medical Care in Our Free Society | PDF (7 pages)

1948
Allen S. Johnson   
Medicine's Responsibility in the Propagation of Poor Protoplasm | PDF (4 pages)

1949
C. Sidney Burwell 
Some Responsibilities of Medical Education | PDF (6 pages)  

1950
John W. O'Meara 
Safe Management of Fractures | PDF (5 pages)

1951
Donald Munro 
How Specialized Is a Specialty? | PDF (5 pages)   

1952
Joseph Garland 
The New England Journal of Medicine and the Massachusetts Medical Society | PDF (6 pages) 

1953
Sara M. Jordan
Medicine and the Doctor in Word and Epigram | PDF (9 pages)  

1954
Basil E. Barton 
The Appreciation of Medical Politicians | PDF (6 pages) 

1955
Carl Bearse 
The Involuntary Plight of the Voluntary Hospital | PDF (8 pages)

1956
Merrill G. Sosman 
Docendo Discimus | PDF (8 pages)

1957
Paul D. White 
Genes, the Heart and Destiny | PDF (5 pages)

1958
Edward D. Churchill 
Reflections on the Challenge to the Medical Profession in India | PDF (7 pages)

1959
Henry F. Howe 
Procedures in Consultation and Referral | PDF (7 pages)

1960
Max Ritvo  
The Role of Diagnostic Roentgenology in Medicine | PDF (9 pages)

1961
Alfred L. Frechette    
The Massachusetts Medical Society and the Organization of Public-Health Services — Retrospect and Prospect | PDF (7 pages)

1962
J. M. Hayman, Jr.  
Trends in Medical Education | PDF (5 pages)

1963
Charles H. Bradford  
Medical Aims and Ideals | PDF (4 pages)

1964
John F. Enders  
Thoughts on Future Contributions of Virology to Medicine | PDF (7 pages)

1965
Francis D. Moore
The Effect of Hemorrhage on Body Composition | PDF (11 pages)

1966
David P. Boyd  
The Subphrenic Spaces and the Emperor's New Robes | PDF (7 pages)

1967
John H. Talbott  
At the Bedside | PDF (6 pages)

1968
Lamar Soutter    
Medical Education and the University (1901–1968) | PDF (6 pages)

1969
Franz J. Ingelfinger  
Swinging Copy and Sober Science | PDF (7 pages)

1970
Dana Farnsworth  
Youth in Protest: Overtones for Medicine | PDF (6 pages)

1971
Earle M. Chapman
The Physician in a Changing Social Structure | PDF (6 pages)

1972
Joseph E. Murray  
Organ Replacement, Facial Deformity, and Plastic Surgery | PDF (6 pages)

1973
Ephraim Friedman  
The Boston City Hospital: A Tale of Three Cities | PDF (4 pages)

1974
Donnell W. Boardman    
The Dollars and Sense of Medical Care and Health Services: Relation | PDF (6 pages)

1975
Harriet L. Hardy    
Risk and Responsibility — A Physician's Viewpoint | PDF (6 pages)

1976
J. Englebert Dunphy
On Caring for the Patient with Cancer | PDF (7 pages)

1977  
James L. Tullis  
Don't Eat the Quails | PDF (4 pages)

1978
Thomas R. Dawber 
Unproved Hypotheses | PDF (7 pages)

1979
H. Thomas Ballantine    
The Crisis in Ethics, Anno Domini 1979 | PDF (5 pages)

1980
Arnold S. Relman  
The New Medical -Industrial Complex | PDF (8 pages)

1981
John J. Byrne  
Lengthening Shadows | PDF (9 pages)

1982
William H. Sweet  
Some Duties of the Medical and Legal Profession  

1983
Charles S. Davidson  
A Peripatetic Heaptologist Returns  

1984
W. V. McDermott  
A Tale of Two Cultures: A Comparative Study of Cancer in East Africa and North America  

1985
Claude E. Welch  
Aesculapius - Can We Learn from His Example?  

1986
Louis Weinstein  
The Great Plagues of the 20th Century: Influenza, Poliomyelitis, Syphilis and AIDS - Their Impact on Society in America  

1987
Mark D. Altschule  
Must Clinical Medicine Be Biodegraded?  

1988
Paul S. Russell
A New Pathway Towards Progress in Clinical Medicine  

1989
John I. Sandson  
American Medicine and Medical Education: The Best and Worst of Times

1990
H. Brownell Wheeler  
Healing and Heroism  

1991
Edwin A. Cassem  
Patrick Henry's Second Choice  

1992
Perry J. Culver  
To Test or Not to Test; That Is the Question  

1993
John B. Burke  
Thermal Burns - New Solutions for the Oldest of Injuries  

1994
John D. Stoeckle  
Primary Care, A Look at Its Past and Future  

1995
Grant V. Rodkey  
Quo Vadis Medicina  

1996
Kurt J. Isselbacher  
Genes and Cancer  

1997
Moses Judah Folkman 
Antiangiogenic Therapy  

1998
Paul C. Zamecnik  
Antisense Therapeutics - A New Possibility  

1999
Joseph P. Vacanti  
Clinical Implications of Tissue Engineering

2000
Jeffrey M. Drazen 
Bringing a New Asthma Treatment Forward: An Odyssey from Bench to Bedside to Bench to Bedside

2001
Donald M. Berwick  
Beyond the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Report: Strategies to Prevent Harm and Errors  

2002
Roseanna H. Means  
Homelessness and Humanity: Misery and Mission  

2003
Barry M. Manuel  
The Crisis in Professional Liability: There Is a Solution  

2004
Marianne E. Felice  
Eating Disorders of Adolescents: Too Little… Too Much  

2006
Aram V. Chobanian  
Effects of Race/Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status on Cardiovascular Outcomes  

2007
Aaron Lazare  
Apology in Medical Practice: An Emerging Clinical Skill  

2009
Ezekiel Emanuel  
High-Touch Medicine: The Future of the Physician-Patient Relationship  

2010
Gloria White-Hammond 
Conflict Violence against Women: Moral and Ethical Obligations of Physicians

2011
Sean Palfrey 
Critical Challenges for 21st Century Medical Practice: Knowledge, Judgment, Time, Cost, and Risk  

2012
Eugene Lindsey
Working Together: From Guild to Enterprise  

2013
David L. Longworth
The Imperative of Patient Engagement in the Era of Healthcare Reform and Practice Transformation 

2014
Michele P. Pugnaire
Medical Education Across the Continuum: A Snapshot in Time 2004-2014 

2015
Ashish K. Jha
Getting to Value in High-Value Health Care


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